One of the most asked questions we get from brides that are looking to book Wiens Family Cellars for their wedding is what is happening in the vineyard certain times of the year and what the weather is like. We have broken down each season below and added information and photos to help visualize the vineyard and weather during each season. We hope this helps!
The grape starts its growing season in the spring. We are signaled by the “pushing” of a bud break by the bleeding of the vine. When the vine is cut, sweet tasting water containing a low concentration of organic acids, hormones, and sugars “bleed” from the vine. Shortly after, the first bud will break through starting bud break. The first bud break is usually around the 3rd week of March and the vines grow very quickly (up to 1” per day). Usually the first grape flowers will bud around the end of April and fruit set will start close to the end of May.
The average rainfall totals are around 3” of rain from March to May with March being the wettest of the three months. The average temperature is a high of 70-80 degrees and a low of 40-50 degrees.
During the summer, the grapes are still growing and will enter the stage of Veraison. Veraison is the start of the ripening process. The grapes will turn from small hard green to red/black or yellow/green depending on the variety. This color changing is due to the chlorophyll in the berry skin being replaced by anthocyanin (red wine grapes) and carotenoids (white wine grapes). The grapes will start to soften and grow dramatically as they accumulate glucose and fructose and acid levels begin to fall.
The average rainfall totals are around .25” of rain from June-August. This is the driest and hottest time of year. The average temperature is a high of 90-100 degrees and a low of 55-65 degrees. If you are planning an outdoor evening reception, this is the time to do it!
Fall is the busiest season for us in the vineyard. It is when the grapes are harvested and crush starts. Usually harvest starts in September but can be earlier or later depending on different factors such as ripeness, weather, mildew, and diseases.
Once the grapes are harvested, the vines start to store carbohydrates in their roots and trunks for next year. Once the carbohydrate levels are high enough, the leaves will turn from green to orange/yellow.
The average rainfall totals are just around 1” for all three months with the wettest month being November. The average temperatures vary between a high of 75 degrees to 90 degrees and a low of 45 degrees to 55 degrees.
Following the first frost, the vines will lose their leaves and enter the dormancy stage.
The average rainfall totals are just around 3” of rain for all three months. The average high is right around 68 degrees and the low is just above freezing.